A Next-Generation Sequencing test that searches for mutations in BRCA1 & BRCA2 genes. BRCA stands for BReast CAncer which is usually classified into Breast cancer Type 1 and Type 2. There are two genes, namely, BRCA1 and BRAC2 which are found in every normal individual. But any genetic variation or mutations occurring in either of these two genes, can lead to the incidence of breast, ovarian, and to a lesser extent other cancers such as prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, and melanoma. At the moment breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer in Indian women having recently overtaken cervical cancer.
The life time risk for developing Breast/Ovarian Cancer is 12% in a normal individual, whereas if you carry a BRCA mutation your risk increases by 50-85%.