Chromosomal Abnormalities Covered in ClariT NIPT
A barrage of information comes your way when a woman discovers that she’s expecting. This includes making early and precise decisions about the health of the baby. With the advancement in technology and targeted test solutions, Did you know that you can detect genetic abnormalities that may arise during the pregnancy itself ? Let’s understand how.
Being one of the most trusted and emerging space in prenatal screening – Non Invasive Prenatal Testing, allows us to obtain baby’s genetic information without affecting the baby. It is a Risk Free Genetic Test with an accuracy of ~99.9% to check for chromosomal abnormalities including Trisomy 21, 18, 13 and other chromosomal aneuploidies.
ClariT NIPT, we easily detects the baby’s health before his or her birth.
What is Chromosomal Abnormality?
Normally, there are total 46 chromosomes in every baby. 23 of the chromosomes are received from the mother and 23 from the father. However, in certain cases, a baby might be born with an extra or a missing chromosome, which can result in developing a chromosomal condition in the baby.
ClariT NIPT looks for chromosomal abnormalities which primarily includes trisomy 21, trisomy 18, trisomy 13 and extra or missing copies of the X and Y chromosomes.
Down syndrome has a high occurrence rate of 1 in 800 births, which means around 32,500 babies with Down syndrome are born in India every year which is the highest number in the world.
Babies born with Down syndrome have an extra copy of chromosome 21, which manifests as developmental delays, learning disabilities and low muscle tone. In addition, they are also at risk for associated health issues like Alzheimer disease, heart problems, hearing loss or thyroid problems.
Trisomy 18 (Edwards Syndrome)
This chromosomal condition occurs in about 1 in every 6,000 births. Edwards syndrome occurs when a baby has a partial or complete duplication of chromosome 18. Normally babies that are diagnosed with Edwards’s syndrome do not survive full term because of the wide range of complex medical conditions associated with the disorder. Babies that do survive birth have only a little chance of surviving their first year of life.
Babies with Edwards syndrome usually have a low birth weight, slow growth rate, a small-shaped head and jaw, unusual shaped chest and severe delays in their mental development. They may also have kidney defects, heart issues, protruding intestines etc.
Trisomy 13(Patau Syndrome)
This rare but severe condition occurs when a baby has three copies instead of two at chromosome 13. Patau syndrome occurs in about 1 in every 16,000 births and is described by extreme development delays and advanced organ defects.
Most babies born with Patau syndrome generally struggle to endure in the first few days of living, owing to a number of complications from related medical issues. Babies that do survive full term often have heart defects, brain and spinal cord abnormalities, structural eye defects and kidney problems.
ClariT NIPT screens for abnormalities from chromosome 1 to chromosome 22 and also for sex chromosome X and Y.
In Sex Chromosome Aneuploidies it covers
XO( Turner Syndrome)
XXY (Klinefelter Syndrome)
XXX (Triple X Syndrome)
XYY (Jacobs Syndrome)
Unfortunately, these conditions cannot be prevented. However, it can be detected before the baby is born. Conducted after the 9th week of pregnancy upto the 20th week – giving families plenty of time to prepare. ClariT NIPT provides assurance to expectant parents with accurate genetic information during the pregnancy.
Healthy Babies with ClariT NIPS Pregnancy Test, Now in India !
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